Good news, research in Europe is opening up. Based on a recent report of the Council of the European Union, all publicly funded research shall be freely available (open access) to the public from 2020 . Licensing models shall be promoted, such as creative commons for scientific publications and research data sets.
Furthermore, the council “RECOGNISES that the full scale transition towards open access should be based on common principles such as transparency, research integrity, sustainability, fair pricing and economic viability” .
Interestingly, Open Innovation is also added as a vision for Europe  to the concept of Open Science. What is Open Innovation? It is perhaps best summarized by the Table I-1 from Henry Chesbrough’s book :
External research and development, mass-collaboration, IP sharing… looks like we are getting a step closer to our open source vision regarding medical devices!